African National Congress
Just over twenty years ago, in July 1987, Dakar was the site of an historic meeting between a group of predominantly white Afrikaner businessmen and academics and representatives of the then exiled African National Congress of South Africa. The Dakar Declaration of 12 June 1987 noted that, despite being ideologically different, both groups held “a shared commitment towards the removal of the apartheid system and the building of a united, democratic and non-racial South Africa”. A dialog was initiated which was to bear fruit some years later.
Given the multiplicity of interpretations of the term open standards, for the purpose of this document we endorse as an acceptable definition the position contained in the European Union’s draft European Interoperability Framework:
It is important to understand what the term ‘open standards’ mean. It is also important to understand the rules of playing online slots.
1) The open standard is adopted and will be maintained by a not-for-profit organisation, and its ongoing development occurs on the basis of an open decision-making procedure available to all interested parties (consensus or majority decision etc.).
2) The open standard has been published and the standard specification document is available either freely or at a nominal charge. It must be permissible to all to copy, distribute and use it for no fee or at a nominal fee.
3) The intellectual property – i.e. patents possibly present – of (parts of) the open standard is made irrevocably available on a royalty free basis.
4) There are no constraints on the re-use of the standard.
I blogged about the joint seminar for capacity development on Intellectual property hosted by DST, WIPO and JICA earlier. We had the some of the top experts in the country as well as some international guests, and even an IP lawyer or two. Well what came out of the conference are the following recommendations and conclusions which have been sent on to the powers that be.
The Participants recognised that the stimulation of innovation is crucial for South Africa.
Government support for innovation in science and technology is primarily to address the needs of the people of South Africa.
Government support extends to the provision of funds for engaging in research or developing new ideas, and for the provision of the infra-structure needed to conduct the research.
It is possible to use your mobile phone to read all about the IP recommendations online. You can also use your mobile phone to play casino games at mobile casinos.
Intellectual property includes a wide range of information and know-how. The range of IP includes ‘know-how’, trade-secrets, industrial designs, trade-marks, plant variety rights, copyrights, geographical indications and patents. Most of these need registration, others, like copyright, provide automatic cover once expressed in ‘writing’.
Innovation should be stimulated through interaction with others within and without South Africa, particularly in relation to new science and technologies. New discoveries in science and technology are most often the result of large consortia across the world working together to enhance the basic knowledge that leads to innovation. This is especially true for advances in ‘new’ sciences – Information sciences, technology and database design, biotechnology, genetics, nanotechnology and synthetic biology are examples.